Posts Tagged ‘Prophet’


As’salamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatu Allah Wa Barakatuhu

 (Allah’s peace, mercy and blessings be upon you)

Praise be to Allaah and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of ALLAH and upon his family and companions.

The Night of Al-Mi’raj (Muhammad’s Ascension) & Salah 

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Dhaar (r a) that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “While I was at Mecca the roof of my house was opened and Gabriel descended, opened my chest, and washed it with Zam-zam water. Then he brought a golden tray full of wisdom and faith and having poured its contents into my chest, he closed it. Then he took my hand and ascended with me to the nearest heaven, when I reached the nearest heaven, Gabriel said to the gatekeeper of the heaven, ‘Open (the gate).’ The gatekeeper asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel answered: ‘Gabriel.’ He asked, ‘Is there anyone with you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Yes, Muhammad is with me.’ He asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel said, ‘Yes.’ So the gate was opened and we went over the nearest heaven and there we saw a man sitting with some people on his right and some on his left. When he looked towards his right, he laughed and when he looked toward his left he wept. Then he said, ‘Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious son.’ I asked Gabriel, ‘Who is he?’ He replied, ‘He is Adam and the people on his right and left are the souls of his offspring. Those on his right are the people of Paradise and those on his left are the people of Hell and when he looks towards his right he laughs and when he looks towards his left he weeps.

Then he ascended with me till he reached the second heaven and he (Gabriel) said to its gatekeeper, ‘Open (the gate).’ The gatekeeper said to him the same as the gatekeeper of the first heaven had said and he opened the gate.” Anas (r a) said: “Abu Dhar (r a) added that the Prophet (pbuh) met Adam (a a s), Idris (a a s), Moses (a a s), Jesus (a a s) and Abraham (a a s), he (Abu Dhar) did not mention on which heaven they were but he mentioned that he (the Prophet (pbuh) met Adam (a a s) on the nearest heaven and Abraham (a a s) on the sixth heaven.” Anas (r a) said, “When Gabriel along with the Prophet (pbuh) passed by Idris (a a s), the latter said, ‘Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious brother.’ The Prophet (pbuh) asked, ‘Who is he?’ Gabriel replied, ‘He is Idris.’ The Prophet (pbuh) added, ‘I passed by Moses (a a s) and he said, “Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious brother. ” ‘I asked Gabriel, “Who is he?” Gabriel replied, “He is Moses.” Then I passed by Jesus (a a s) and he said, “Welcome! O pious brother and pious Prophet.” I asked, “Who is he?” Gabriel replied, “He is Jesus.”

Then I passed by Abraham (a a s) and he said, “Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious son.” I asked Gabriel, “Who is he?” Gabriel replied, “He is Abraham.” The Prophet (pbuh) added, “Then Gabriel ascended with me to a place where I heard the creaking of the pens.” Ibn Hazm (r a) and Anas bin Malik (r a) said: The Prophet (r a) said, “Then Allah  enjoined fifty prayers on my followers. When I returned with this order of Allah , I passed by Moses (a a s) who asked me, ‘What has Allah  enjoined on your followers?’ I replied, ‘He has enjoined fifty prayers on them.’ Moses (a a s) said, ‘Go back to your Lord (and appeal for reduction) for your followers will not be able to bear it.’ (So I went back to Allah and requested for reduction) and He reduced it to half. When I passed by Moses (a a s) again and informed him about it, he said, ‘Go back to your Lord as your followers will not be able to bear it.’ So I returned to Allah and requested for further reduction and half of it was reduced. I again passed by Moses (a a s) and he said to me:’Return to your Lord, for your followers will not be able to bear it. So I returned to Allah  and He said,
‘These are five prayers and they are all (equal to) fifty (in reward) for My Word does not change.’ I returned to Moses (a a s) and he told me to go back once again. I replied, ‘Now I feel shy of asking my Lord again.’ Then Gabriel took me till we reached Sidrat-il-Muntaha (Lote tree of the utmost boundary) which was shrouded in colors, indescribable. Then I was admitted into Paradise where I found small (tents or) walls (made) of pearls and its earth was of musk. ”

[Saheeh Bukhaaree, Volume 1, Book 8, Hadeeth Number 345; Saheeh Muslim, Volume 1, Book 1, Hadeeth Number,309, 313 and 314]


As’salamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatu Allah Wa Barakatuhu

 (Allah’s peace, mercy and blessings be upon you)

Praise be to Allaah and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger and upon his family and companions.

The Muslim student puts his trust in Allaah when facing the tests of this world, and he seeks His help whilst following the prescribed means, in accordance with the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him):

“The strong believer is better and is more beloved to Allaah than the weak believer, although both are good. Strive to attain that which will benefit you and seek the help of Allaah, and do not feel helpless.” (Saheeh Muslim, hadeeth no. 2664)

Among those means are the following:

  • Turning to Allaah by making du’aa’ in any way that is prescribed in Islam, such as saying, “Rabbiy ishrah li sadri wa yassir li amri (O my Lord, expand my chest and make things easy for me).”
  • Getting used to sleeping early and going to exams on time.
  • Preparing all required or permitted equipment such as pens, rulers and setsquares, calculators and watches, because being well prepared helps one to answer questions.
  • Reciting the du’aa’ for leaving the house: “Bismillaah, tawakkaltu ‘ala Allaah, wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah. Allaahumma inni a’oodhu bika an adilla aw udalla, aw azilla aw uzalla, aw azlima aw uzlama, aw ajhala aw yujhala ‘alayya (In the name of Allaah, I put my trust in Allaah, and there is no strength and no power except with Allaah. O Allaah, I seek refuge with You lest I should stray or be led astray, lest I slip (commit a sin unintentionally) or be tripped, lest I oppress or be oppressed, lest I behave foolishly or be treated foolishly).”Do not forget to seek your parents’ approval, for their du’aa’ for you will be answered.
  • Mention the name of Allaah before you start, for mentioning the name of Allaah is prescribed when beginning any permissible action; this brings blessing, and seeking the help of Allaah is one of the means of strength.
  • Fear Allaah with regard to your classmates, and do not be affected by their anxiety or fear just before the exam, for anxiety is a contagious disease. Instead, make them feel optimistic by saying good words as prescribed in Islam. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was optimistic when he heard the name of Suhayl (which means “easy”) and he said: “Things have been made easy for you.” He used to like to hear the words ‘Yaa Raashid, when he went out for any purpose. So be optimistic that you and your brothers will pass this exam.
  • Remembering Allaah (dhikr) dispels anxiety and tension. If something is too difficult for you, then pray to Allaah to make it easy for you. Whenever Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) found something too difficult to understand, he would say, “O You Who taught Ibraaheem, teach me; O You Who caused Sulaymaan to understand, cause me to understand.”
  • Choose a good place to sit during the exam, if you can. Keep your back straight, and sit on the chair in a healthy manner.
  • Look over the exam first. Studies advise spending 10% of the exam time in reading the questions carefully, noting the important words and dividing one’s time between the questions.
  • Plan to answer the easy questions first, then the difficult ones. Whilst reading the questions, write notes and ideas which you can use in your answers later.
  • Answer questions according to importance.
  • Start by answering the easy questions which you know. Then move on to the questions which carry high marks, and leave till the end the questions to which you do not know the answers, or which you think will take a long time to produce an answer or which do not carry such high marks.
  • Take your time to answer, for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Deliberation is from Allaah and haste is from the Shaytaan.” (A hasan hadeeth. Saheeh al-Jaami, 3011).
  • Think carefully about the answer and choose the right answer when answering multiple-choice questions. Deal with them in the following manner. If you are sure that you have chosen the right answer, then beware of waswasah (insinuating whispers from the Shaytaan). If you are not sure, then start by eliminating the wrong or unlikely answers, then choose the correct answer based on what you think is most likely to be correct. If you guessed at a correct answer then do not change it unless you are sure that it is wrong – especially if you will lose marks for a wrong answer. Research indicates that the correct answer is usually that which the student thinks of first.
  • In written exams, collect your thoughts before you start to answer.Write an outline for your answer with some words which will indicate the ideas which you want to discuss. Then number the ideas in the sequence in which you want to present them.
  • Write the main points of your answer at the beginning of the line, because this is what the examiner is looking for, and he may not see what he is looking for if it is in the middle of the page and he is in a hurry.
  • Devote 10% of the time for reviewing your answers. Take your time in reviewing, especially in mathematical problems and writing numbers. Resist the desire to hand in the exam papers quickly, and do not let the fact that some people are leaving early bother you. They may be among the people who have handed in their papers too early.
  • If you discover after the exam that you answered some questions incorrectly, then take that as a lesson in the importance of being well prepared in the future, and not rushing to answer questions. Accept the will and decree of Allaah and do not fall prey to frustration and despair. Remember the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “If anything befalls you, do not say, ‘If only I had done such and such.’ Rather say, ‘Qadar Allaah wa maa sha’a kaan (the decree of Allaah and what He wills happened),’ for saying ‘if only’ opens the door for the Shaytaan.” (Saheeh Muslim, and the first part of this hadeeth was mentioned above).
  • Note that cheating is haraam whether it is in foreign language tests or any other tests. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Whoever cheats is not one of us.” It is wrongdoing and it is a haraam means of attaining a degree or certificate, etc., that you have no right to. The consensus is that cheating is a kind of cooperation in sin and transgression. So do without that which is haraam, and Allaah will suffice you from His bounty. Reject all offers of haraam things that come to you from others. Whoever gives up a thing for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will compensate him with something better. You have to denounce and resist evil, and tell the authorities about any such thing that you see during the exam, or before or after it. This is not the forbidden kind of slander rather it is denouncing evil which is obligatory.

Advise those who buy or sell questions or post them on the Internet etc., or who prepare cheat notes. Tell them to fear Allaah, and tell them of the ruling on what they are doing and on the money they earn from that. Tell them that the time they are spending in preparing these haraam things, if they spent it in studying, or answering previous exams, or helping one another to understand the subject before the exam, that would be better for them than doing these haraam things.

– Remember what you have prepared for the Hereafter, and the questions of the examination in the grave, and how to be saved on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever is saved from the Fire and admitted to Paradise will indeed have succeeded.

We ask Allaah to make us succeed in this world and cause us to be among those who are victorious and saved in the Hereafter, for He is the All-Hearing Who answers prayer.

Aamiin ya ALLAH

Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

World of Jinns

Posted: February 23, 2011 in Jinn's
Tags: , , , , , , , ,

As’salamu Alaikum Wa RahmatAllahi Wa Barakatuhu

(Allah’s peace, mercy and blessings be upon you)

Throughout history man has always had a deep attraction for the supernatural and the unseen.  The existence of a world parallel to our own has always fascinated people.  This world is commonly referred to as the spirit world, and almost every set of people have some concept of one.  With some people, these spirits are no more then the souls of dead people- or ghosts.  With others, spirits are either the forces of good or the forces of evil – both battling against one another to gain influence over humanity.  However, both of these explanations are more in tune with folk tales and fantasy.  The true explanation of such a world comes from Islam.  Like every other way, Islam also claims to explain this realm of the unseen.  It is from this realm that Islam explains to us about the world of the Jinn.  The Islamic explanation of the Jinn provides us with so many answers to modem day mysteries.  Without the knowledge of this world, the Muslims would become like the non-Muslims and be running around looking for any old answer to come their way.  So, who or what are the Jinn?

Existence

The Jinn are beings created with free will, living on earth in a world parallel to mankind.  The Arabic word Jinn is from the verb ‘Janna’ which means to hide or conceal.  Thus, they are physically invisible from man as their description suggests.  This invisibility is one of the reasons why some people have denied their existence.  However, (as will be seen) the affect which the world of the Jinn has upon our world, is enough to refute this modern denial of one of Allah’s creation.  The origins of the Jinn can be traced from the Quran and the Sunnah.  Allah says:

“Indeed We created man from dried clay of black smooth mud.  And We created the Jinn before that from the smokeless flame of fire” (Quran 15:26-27)

Thus the Jinn were created before man.  As for their physical origin, then the Prophet (may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him) has confirmed the above verse when he said:

“The Angels were created from light and the Jinn from smokeless fire.” (Saheeh Muslim)

It is this description of the Jinn which tells us so much about them.  Because they were created from fire, their nature has generally been fiery and thus their relationship with man has been built upon this.  Like humans, they too are required to worship Allah(S.W.T.) and follow Islam.  Their purpose in life is exactly the same as ours, as Allah(S.W.T.) says:

“I did not create the Jinn and mankind except to worship Me.” (Quran 51:56)

Jinns can thus be Muslims or non-Muslims.  However, due to their fiery nature the majority of them are non-Muslims.  All these non-Muslim Jinns form a part of the army of the most famous Jinn, Satan[1].  Consequently, these disbelieving Jinns are also called devils.  Jinns also become Muslims, as they did in the time of the Prophet(S.A.W.) when a group of them were amazed by the recitation of the Quran.  Allah(S.W.T.) orders the Prophet(S.A.W.) to tell the people of this event:

“Say (O’ Muhammad): It has been revealed to me that a group of Jinn listened and said; ‘Indeed we have heard a marvelous Quran.  It guides unto righteousness so we have believed in it, and we will never make partners with our lord’.”(Quran 72:1-2)

In many aspects of their world, the Jinn are very similar to us.  They eat and drink, they marry, have children and they die.  The life span however, is far greater then ours.  Like us, they will also be subject to a Final Reckoning by Allah the Most High.  They will be present with mankind on the Day of Judgment and will either go to Paradise or Hell.

Abilities

That which clearly distinguishes the Jinn from mankind, are their powers and abilities.  Allah(S.W.T.) has given them these powers as a test for them.  If they oppress others with them, then they will be held accountable.  By knowing of their powers, we can often make sense of much of the mysteries which go on around us.  One of the powers of the Jinn, is that they are able to take on any physical form they like.  Thus, they can appear as humans, animals trees and anything else.  Thousands of people have sighted strange looking creatures all over the world – and it seems more plausible all the sightings of such creatures may have been Jinns parading in different forms.

The ability to possess and take over the minds and bodies of other creatures is also a power which the Jinn have utilized greatly over the centuries.  This however, is something which has been prohibited to them as it is a great oppression to possess another being.  Human possession is something which has always brought about great attention.  But the true knowledge of this subject is rare.  Over the last 3 decades the subject of possession has become very commercialized.  During the 70’s, films such as The Exorcist and Rosemary’s Baby were used to educate people about possession.  However, because such institutions (the film industry) were heavily influenced by Christianity, knowledge of the subject was non-existent.  Rather then educate people about Jinn possession, films such as The Exorcist just tended to scare the living daylights out of us!

Only through Islam can we understand such a phenomena.  We know as Muslims, that Jinns possess people for many reasons.  Sometimes it is because the Jinn or its family has been hurt accidentally.  It could be because the Jinn has fallen in love with the person.  However, most of the time possession occurs because the Jinn is simply malicious and wicked.  For this reason we have been commanded to recite the Quran frequently in our houses as the Prophet(S.A.W.) said:

“Indeed, Satan flees from the house in which Surah Al-Baqarah (the 2nd chapter of the Quran) is recited.” (Al-Tirmidhi)

If a person does become possessed, then the name of Allah(S.W.T.) has to be used in expelling the Jinn.  If we look at the practice of the Prophet(S.A.W.) and his companions, we find many invocations to exorcise the Jinn.  All of them invoke Allah(S.W.T.) to help the possessed person.  How contrary this is to many modern-day exorcists.  Many exorcists, often invoke the names of others besides Allah(S.W.T.) to exorcise the Jinn.  When the Jinn does leave, these people believe that their way was successful.  However, this is a ploy of the Jinn, as it knows that if it obeys the exorcist, then it has succeeded in making him worship others besides Allah(S.W.T.).  The Jinn often returns when the exorcist leaves, as it knows that nothing except the words of Allah(S.W.T.) can stop it from oppressing others.

It is not only humans which are possessed, but also animals, trees and other objects.  By doing this, the evil Jinn hope to make people worship others besides Allah(S.W.T.).  The possession of idols is one way to do this.  Not so long ago the world-wide phenomenon of Hindu idols drinking milk, shocked the world.  From Bombay to London, Delhi to California, countless idols were lapping up milk.  Ganesh the elephant god, Hanuman the monkey god and even Shiva lingam, the male private organ (!), all seemed to guzzle down the milk as if there was no tomorrow! Unfortunately people were taken in by this and many flocked to feed the Hindu gods.  This feat was undoubtedly done by the Jinn as a classic attempt to make people worship false gods.

Occult Activities of the Jinn

Through their powers of flying and invisibility, the Jinn are the chief component in occult activities.  Voodoo, Black magic, Poltergeists, Witchcraft and Mediums can all be explained through the world of the Jinn.  Likewise, so can the illusions and feats of magicians.  Because the Jinn can traverse huge distances over a matter of seconds, their value to magicians is great.  In return for helping them in their magic, the Jinns often ask the magicians to worship them and Satan.  Thus the magicians take the Jinn and Satan as lords besides Allah(S.W.T.).  In our day, some of the feats performed by magicians and entertainers are without doubt from the assistance of the Jinn.  Making the Statue of Liberty disappear, flying across the Grand Canyon and retrieving a ship from the Bermuda Triangle, have all been done by the Jewish magician David Copperfield.  There is NO way that a man could do such things without the assistance of the Jinn.  It would not be surprising therefore, if David Copperfield had sold his soul to Satan himself.

One of the most frequent activities associated with the Jinn, is fortune telling.  Before the advent of the Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.), fortune-tellers and soothsayers were wide spread.  These people would use their associates from the Jinn to find out about the future.  The Jinns would go to the lowest heaven and listen to the Angels conversing amongst themselves about events of the Future which they heard from Allah(S.W.T.).  The Jinns would then inform the fortune-tellers.  This is why before the time of the Prophet(S.A.W.) many fortune-tellers were very accurate in their predictions.  However, upon the Prophet’s arrival the heavens were guarded intensely by the Angels, and any Jinn who tried to listen was attacked by meteors (shooting stars):

“And We have guarded it (the heavens) from every accursed devil, except one who is able to snatch a hearing and he is pursued by a brightly burning flame.” (Quran 15:17-18)

The Prophet(S.A.W.) also said:

“They (the Jinn) would pass the information back down until it reaches the lips of a magician or forrtune-teller Sometimes a meteor would overtake them before they could pass it on.  If they passed it on before being struck, they would add to it a hundred lies” (Saheeh Al-Bukhari).

Thus, it is clear from this as to how fortune-tellers get predictions of the future sometimes right.  It is also evident as to why they get so many wrong.  Men like Nostradamus are an example, as some of his predictions of the future were correct whilst many were completely wrong.  Unfortunately, the amount of fortune telling which occurs amongst the Muslims is also increasing.  By visiting Muslim lands such as Morocco, one is able to see as to how much inter Jinn-fortune-teller activity there really is.  If you look up at the sky on a clear night in Morocco, you will see the heavens ablaze with shooting stars! A clear display of the devils being chased away from the heavens.

Fortune-tellers also operate through the Qareen.  The Qareen is the Jinn companion which is assigned to every human being.  It is this Jinn which whispers to our base desires and constantly tries to divert us from righteousness.

The Prophet(S.A.W.) said:

“Every one of you has been assigned a companion from the Jinn.  The companions asked: Even you O’ Messenger of Allah?  And the Prophet replied: Even me, except that Allah has helped me against him and he has become a Muslim.  Now he only tells me to do good” (Saheeh Muslim).

Because the Qareen is with a person all his life, it knows all that has happened to the person from the cradle to the grave.  By making contact with the Qareen, the fortune-teller is thus able to make out that it is he who knows about the person.  He looks in his crystal ball or the palm of a person and proceeds to amaze him with knowledge which no one else knows.  The severity of going to a fortune-teller is such that the Prophet(S.A.W.) said:

“The prayer of one who approaches a fortune-teller and asks him about anything, will not be accepted for forty days or nights” (Saheeh Muslim)

and:

“Whosoever approaches a fortune-teller and believes in what he says, has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad.”

The effects of the Jinn are not just limited to fortune-tellers.  Other activities such as oujia boards and seances, which are used to contact the dead, are manipulated by the Jinn.  ‘Are you there Charlie?  Speak to us Charlie!!’  are the sort of words spoken by anxious relatives (names are obviously different!) seeking to make contact with their loved ones.  And it is when the Jinn starts to talk and communicate as ‘Charlie’, that the people are truly fooled.

One of the biggest manipulations of the Jinn is through visions.  Through these visions the Jinns are more likely to lead people away from the worship of Allah(S.W.T.) than any other way.  When a person sees a vision in front of his eyes it is something which is very hard to explain away.  Only by having knowledge of the world of the Jinn and conviction in Allah(S.W.T.), can a person fight such a trial.  The countless numbers of visions of Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary over the centuries has been a popular choice for the devils.  It almost seems as if leading Christians astray is the most easiest trick for the Jinns!  Not only are Christians fooled by these visions, but often the Jinns possess and begin to talk from their voices.  To the Christians this is known as the tongues of the Angels and thus a proof for their faith.  However, the amount of unintelligible nonsense and rubbish which is heard is a clear proof that this is in fact the tongues of the devils!  For other people, visions of their parents or relatives are commonplace.  By taking on the form of peoples parents, the Jinns can convince people that the souls of dead people still mix with the people of the earth.  This is why so many people believe in ghosts.

The extent of satanic visions still continues to this day.  The recent death of Diana Princess of Wales sparked off great love and adoration for this woman.  In fact the grief of the British people was such, that it was as if Diana was something divine.  No sooner had the mourning of Diana reached its peak, that visions of her were already being seen at Hampton Court Palace!  If these visions did occur, the desire of Satan and his army of Jinn to capitalise on this event, was evident.  Such visions are clear attempts by Satan to lead mankind away from the path of Allah(S.W.T.).

Protection from the Jinn

Because the Jinn can see us while we cannot see them, the Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.) taught us many ways to protect ourselves from their harm, such as seeking refuge in Allah(S.W.T.) from the accursed Satan, reciting chapters 113 and 114 of the Holy Quran, and reciting the words taught by Allah(S.W.T.) in the Quran:

“Say: ‘My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings (suggestions) of Satan (devils). And I seek refuge with You, my Lord, lest they may attend (or come near) me.’” (Quran 23:97-98)

Saying Bismillah (in the Name of Allah) before entering one’s home, before eating or drinking, and before having intercourse will also keep Satan from entering the house or partaking with a person in his food, drink and sexual activity. Similarly, mentioning the name of Allah before entering the toilet or taking off one’s clothes will prevent the Jinn from seeing a person’s private parts or harming him, as the Prophet(S.A.W.) said.  Strength of faith and religion in general will also prevent the Jinn from harming a person.

Reciting Al-Kursi verse in Arabic (Quran 2:255) provides also a strong protection against the Jinn, as we learned from the story of Abu Hurairah[R.A.] (one of Muhammad’s(S.A.W.)) companions) with a devil.[2]

Also the Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.) said:

“Do not make your houses like graves, for Satan runs away from a house in which al-Baqarah chapter [chapter 2] is recited.”(Narrated by Saheeh Muslim)

These Arabic verses and prophetic sayings were some examples of how a Muslim would get protection from the Jinn.  Islam teaches us how to deal with all of Allah’s creation – and not just the Jinn.  A true Muslim should not fear Satan or the Jinn, because Islam taught us about them and how to get protection from their harm.

The world of the Jinn is one which is both sinister and intriguing.  By knowing of this world we can explain many of the mysteries and issues which bother us.  By doing this we can avoid the extremes which the people have gone to; nothing being more extreme then worshipping others besides Allah(S.W.T.).  By learning the monotheism of Allah(S.W.T.), we defend ourselves from these hidden allies of Satan:

“Indeed he (Satan) and his tribe watch you from a position where you cannot see them.” (Quran 7:27)


Footnotes:

[1] Unlike Christianity, Islam maintains that Satan (Lucifer) was from the Jinn and not an angel.  Angels do not have a free will to disobey.

[2] Abu Hurairah (a companion of Muhammad(S.A.W.)) said: “The Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.) put me in charge of guarding compulsory charity collected in the month of Ramadan.  Somebody came and began to take away some food-stuff from it.  I caught him and said, ‘I must take you to the Prophet of Allah.’  He replied, ‘I am a needy man with a large family, and so I have a pressing need.’  So I let him go.  When I saw the Prophet(S.A.W.) next morning, he asked me, ‘O Abu Hurairah! What did your captive do last night?’  I said, ‘O Prophet of Allah! He complained of a pressing need and a big family. I felt pity for him and I let him go.’  The prophet(S.A.W.) said, ‘He told you a lie and he will return.’  I was sure according to the saying of the Prophet(S.A.W.) that he would return.  I waited for him.  He sneaked up again and began to steal food-stuff from the charity.  I caught him and said, ‘I must take you to the Prophet(S.A.W.).’  He replied, ‘Let go of me, I am a needy man.  I have to bear the expenses of a big family.  I will not come back.’  So I took pity on him and let him go.  I went at dawn to the Prophet(S.A.W.) who asked me, ‘O Abu Hurairah! What did your captive do last night?’  I replied, ‘O Prophet of Allah! He complained of a pressing need and the burden of a big family.  I took pity on him and so I let him go.’  The Prophet(S.A.W.) replied, ‘He told you a lie and he will return.’  (That man) came again to steal the food-stuff.  I arrested him and said, ‘I must take you to the Prophet of Allah, and this is the last of three times.  You promised that you would not come again but you did.’  He replied, ‘Let go of me, and I shall teach you some words with which Allah may benefit you.’  I asked, ‘what are those words?’  He replied, ‘When you go to bed, recite Al-Kursi verse (Quran 2:255), for there will be a guardian appointed over you from Allah, and no devil will be able to approach you till morning.’  So I let him go.  Next morning the Prophet of Allah asked me, ‘What did your prisoner do last night.’  I answered, ‘He promised to teach me some words which he claimed will benefit me before Allah.  So I let him go.’  The Prophet(S.A.W.) asked, ‘What are those words that he taught you?’  I said, ‘He told me: When you go to bed, recite Al-Kursi verse from the beginning to the end and that by reciting it, there will be a guardian appointed over you from Allah who will protect you during the night, and no devil will be able to come near you until morning.’  The Prophet(S.A.W.) said, ‘Verily, he has told you the truth though he is a liar.  O Abu Hurairah! Do you know with whom you were speaking for the last three nights?’  I said, ‘No.’ The prophet(S.A.W.) replied, ‘That was a devil.’” (Narrated in Saheeh Al-Bukhari)

Source:

http://www.islamreligion.com/articles/669/viewall/