Posts Tagged ‘Abu Hurairah’


As’salamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatu Allah Wa Barakatuhu

 (Allah’s peace, mercy and blessings be upon you)

Two young adults enter in the company of the Caliph Umar (May Allah Be Pleased With Him), stand right in front of a man seated there, point at him and say

“Ya Umar (رضي الله عنه)! This is the person!  ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه). asks him, “What has this man done?” , ‘Umar R.A. turns towards that man and asks him, “Have you killed their father?”  The man replied, “Yes Ameer ul Momineen, their father has died because of me”  ‘Umar R.A. inquires “How has he been killed?”  

The man replies, “Ya ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه), their father had entered my crops alongwith his camel. I tried to warn and stop him, he did not pay heed so I threw a stone at him which hit his head and he died on the spot”   ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) replied, “Then you will have to give qisaas (compensation for blood), the punishment is death”  

There was no need to write down the judgment. The decision was in accordance with Islamic laws and supreme. Furthermore, the man who killed their father was not asked as to which tribe/clan he belonged to or what his family background or status was. Justice reigned supreme. What has ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) to do with such useless questions!?   No one can influence ‘Umar’s decision and neither can someone stop ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) from propagating the Shariat of Allah. Even if it was ‘umar’s own son infront of him awaiting justice, ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) would have applied the same for him.

The man says, “Ya Ameer ul Momineen, in the Name of Him by whose power the Earth and Heavens are held together, please let me go back to my wife and children in the desert and inform them that I shall be killed. They have no one besides Allah and myself, I will return back soon”   ‘Umar R.A. says “Who will guarantee your return once you go the desert?”

And then, silence overtakes the gathering. There was no one there who even knew the name of this person who had confessed to his crime. The identity of his tribe/clan and whereabouts was also not known.   Who will be his guarantor? Is the issue about a loan of 10 dirhams, about a piece of land or exchange of camels? Here, the issue was of a different magnitude as it involved the killing of a person.   And then, there was no one could dare challenge ‘Umar’s (رضي الله عنه) verdict on Allah’s Shariat. There is no one who will even dare act as a referral of mercy for the accused.   Silence has overtaken the Sahaba (Companions of the Prophet p.b.u.h.) who are seated in the gathering. ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) himself is affected by this situation. The man’s condition and situation has surprised everyone. Should this person really be killed as compensation and his wife and children be left to rot and starve to death? Or should he be pardoned without remuneration? If he does not come back, there shall be grave injustice against the blood of the slain father of two youngsters!

‘Umar R.A. himself is seated in anxiety with his head lowered. He raises his head and with eyes signifying humble request, he asks those two young men “Forgive this man”   “No Ameer ul Momineen, it cannot be possible that a person who kills our father gets away like this” The two young men announce their final decision without any hesitation.   ‘Umar R.A. once again looks among the gathering and asks in a loud voice “Oh people, is there any one amongst who willing to be the guarantor of this man?”   Abuzar Ghaffari R.A. stands up with his truthfulness and piety in his old age and says, “I guarantee this man”   ‘Umar R.A. tells Abuzar Ghaffari (رضي الله عنه), “Abuzar, he has killed”   “Even though he is a killer”, replies Abuzar Ghaffari R.A., with full firmness in his decision.   ‘Umar R.A. asks, “Do you know this man?”   Abuzar replies, “No I don’t”   ‘Umar R.A. asks again, “Then how are you guaranteeing him?”   Abuzar Ghaffari R.A. replies, “I have seen signs of virtue on his face, and I strongly feel he is not lying. He will return Insha-Allah”   ‘Umar R.A. says “Abuzar, make sure again. If this man does not return within 3 days, I shall have to bear the sadness of your separation” (that is, Abuzar will have to be killed because he is guaranteeing the killer)   Abuzar Ghaffari R.A. replies with confidence, “Ameer ul Momineen, then Allah Maalik”

The accused man gets 3 days time limit from ‘Umar R.A. and sets off for the desert: for important preparations, to bid farewell to his family, to arrange means for them after his punishment.   3 days pass by. How can ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) forget how each and every moment during these days passed by for him? During ‘Asr time after the congregational prayers are over, the two young men are waiting desperately to get compensation and justice for their father’s killing. A crowd of people has gathered to watch Allah’s Shariah make decisions for the case.   Abuzar Ghaffari R.A. arrives and sits in front of ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه)

“Where is that man?” asks ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه)   “I do not know, Ya Ameer ul Momineen”, says Abuzar Ghaffari (رضي الله عنه) in his brief reply.   Abuzar Ghaffari R.A. looks towards the sky where the Sun is quickly trying to set itself in the West.   There is an eerie silence hovering over the gathering. No one besides Allah knows what will take place now.   It is true that Abuzar R.A. has a special place in ‘Umar’s heart. If Abuzar (رضي الله عنه) were to ask ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) to give him a piece of his body, the latter would not spare a minute and cut out his body for Abuzar. This was the love they had for each other.   However, the situation right is of a Shariah case, Allah’s judicial Commands are involved and demand implementation. This is not a drama. If the killer does not return, then Abuzar’s neck will have to be cut off as he is his guarantor.

A few minutes before Maghrib time, the killer returns. “Allahu Akbar!” says ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) suddenly. And soon, everyone in the gathering chants “Allahu Akbar!”   ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) addresses the killer and says, “O person, even if you had not returned, what could we have done of you? Neither does anyone know about your house nor anyone knows your location!”   The man replies, “Ameer ul Momineen, by Allah, it is not about you. It is about that entity (Allah) who Has Knowledge of everything visible/hidden. Do see, that I have returned, leaving my children alone in the desert like the babies of a bird, where there is no shadow of a tree neither any sign of water. I present myself to be killed. I was only fearing that people will say that promises are not fulfilled anymore.”   ‘Umar R.A. turned towards Abuzar Ghaffari (رضي الله عنه) and asked, “Abuzar, on what basis had you given your guarantee for this person?”   Abuzar (رضي الله عنه) replied, “Ya ‘Umar, I feared that people might say Khair cannot be expected these days”   ‘Umar R.A. remained in silence for a while and then asked those two young men, “What do you say now?”   They erupted into tears and said, “Ya Ameer ul Momineen, we forgive this man for his truthfulness, we fear that people might say the spirit of forgiveness is no more among us”   ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) started weeping “Allahu Akbar!”, so much so that the tears had wet his beard and fallen down.   “Oh young men, May Allah reward you for your forgiveness!”   “Oh Abuzar! May Allah reward you for helping this man in the time of need!”   “And Oh person, May Allah reward you for fulfilling your vow!”   And then the man replied, “And Oh Ameer ul Momineen, May Allah reward you for your justice and mercy!”

One of the Islamic historians is reported to have said, I swear in the name of Him in whose hand is my life, the glories of Islam and belief buried themselves in the coffin alongwith ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه)  to his grave (that is, such instances cannot be found after ‘Umar’s (رضي الله عنه) age).


As’salamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatu Allah Wa Barakatuhu

(Allah’s peace, mercy and blessings be upon you)

True belief in Allah and the Day of Judgment implies that the person is truthful in his speech If he truly believes that Allah Hears and Sees everything he does and a Day will come when he will be accounted for his actions, then he will not lie. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:

“Let he who truly believes in Allah and the Last Day speak good or be silent.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee]

It is from the tricks of Shaytaan that he first makes sins look insignificant and minor in the eyes of the believers, and then gradually deceives them to commit those sins. Lying is one of them, and people do not show much concern about its prohibition, however, lying is a characteristic of hypocrisy, Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn Amr al-Aas (radhi allahu anhu) narrated that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:

“Whoever has the following four characteristics will be a pure hypocrite; and whoever has one of these four characteristics will have one characteristic of hypocrisy unless and until he gives it up; whenever he is entrusted he betrays, whenever he speaks he tells a lie, whenever he makes a covenant he proves treacherous, and whenever he quarrels he behaves in a very imprudent, evil and insulting manner.”[Saheeh al-Bukharee]

Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) warned us against lying by describing the severe punishments of Allah for the liars. He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) related a dream in which he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) saw people being punished; among them were two persons, whose cheeks were torn away from the mouth to the ear. He said:

“I saw (in a dream), two men came to me. They said, ‘The person, the one whose cheek you saw being torn away (from the mouth to the ear) was a liar and used to tell lies and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread all over the world. So he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection.’”[Saheeh al-Bukharee (vol. 8, no: 118)]

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) explained that lying could cause one to end up in the Hell Fire, he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:

“Avoid falsehood, for falsehood leads to wickedness, and wickedness to Hell; and if a man continues to speak falsehood and makes falsehood his object, he will be recorded in Allah’s presence as a great liar. And adhere to the truth, for truth leads to good deeds, and good deeds lead to Paradise. If a man continues to speak the truth and makes truth his object, he will be recorded in Allah’s presence as eminently truthful.”[Abu Dawood (Sunan Abu Dawood vol. 3, no. 4971)]

Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) has strictly forbade lying at all times, but he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) specifically cursed the person who lies to make people laugh, he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:

“Woe be on one who speaks and lies in order to make people laugh, woe be on him.” [Abu Dawood vol: 3, no. 4972.]

This Hadeeth shows the gravity of lying in jokes, which has today become a very common behavior. People appreciate and encourage false jokes claiming that it brings joy and amusement – But in the above Hadeeth, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) forbade lying even if the intention of the person is to amuse people, because one who habitually lies for sake of amusement, loses the fear of lying and he is very likely to later fall into harmful lies. So, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) blocked this path from the beginning because of the bad it may lead to.

Islam does not prohibit joking. It is known through many narrations that Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) approved joking, and he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) would himself play and joke with his companions and small children. Simak ibn Harb asked Jabir ibn Samurah (radhi allahu anhu), “Did you sit in the company of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)?” He said: ‘Yes, very often. He (the Prophet) used to sit at the place where he observed the morning or dawn prayer till the sun rose or when it had risen; he would stand, and they (his Companions) would talk about matters (pertaining to the days) of ignorance, and they would laugh (on these matters) while (the Prophet) only smiled.’ [Saheeh Muslim (1413)] So, joking is permitted in Islam but with some necessary guidelines,

(a)    Joking should not involve lying, Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) said that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) was told, “O Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), you are joking with us.” He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:

“I only say what is true.”[Tirmidhee]

Also, listening to jokes that involve lies is forbidden, because silence in Islam indicates consent. Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) has ordered us to stop evil or at least speak out against it, if it occurs in one’s presence. If one cannot gather the courage to speak against the one who lies, then he should leave such people who engage in lies to pass their time.

(b)    Joking should not involve bad language or abusing people. Allah says in the Qur’aan:

“O you who believe! A group of people should not scorn another group, for it may be that (the scorned person) is better than the other…” [Soorah al-Hujurat (49): 11]

Always Remember Before you speak!

Everything we say is being recorded in our actions and that one wrong word can take us to Hell Fire. Allah says in Soorah Qaf (50): 18:

“Not a word he utters but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it).”

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:

“Sometimes, a person says a thing which pleases Allah, and in return Allah raises his status (rewards him), and sometimes a persons says something which displeases Allah, and it takes him to Hell.”[Saheeh al-Bukharee]

And Allah knows best

 


As’salamu Alaikum Wa RahmatAllahi Wa Barakatuhu

(Allah’s peace, mercy and blessings be upon you)

There are many days set aside in different societies to honor and appreciate special people; examples of these are Father’s Day, Mother’s Day, Memorial Day and Labor Day. In Islam, however, respecting, honoring and appreciating parents is not just for a single day of the year, but rather for each and every day.

Parents in the Quran

A child should respect and appreciate his or her parents on a daily basis. Allah mentions that human beings must recognize their parents and that this is second only to the recognition of Allah Himself. Throughout the Quran, we notice that parents are mentioned with appreciation and respect, even if they are senile. In the Quran, there is a very beautiful description of how parents are to be treated; Allah Says (what means):

“And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as] ‘uff’ [i.e., an expression of irritation or disapproval] and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word. And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say: ‘My Lord! Have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.‘” [Quran 17:23-24]

The recognition and respect of parents is mentioned in the Quran eleven times; in every instance, Allah reminds children to recognize and to appreciate the love and care that they have received from their parents. One such example is when Allah says what means:

“And We have enjoined upon man goodness to parents…” [Quran 29:8 & 46:15]

1. The demand for recognizing parents is made more emphatic when Allah Says (what means):

“And [recall] when We took the covenant from the Children of Israel, [enjoining upon them]: ‘Do not worship except God(Allah); and to parents, do good…’” [Quran 2:83]

2. Allah again emphasizes in chapter Four of the Qur’an that children should be kind to their parents. He says what means:

“Worship God and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good…” [Quran 4:36]

3. In Chapter Six of the Qur’an, Allah reemphasizes that people should be kind to their parents; He says what means:

“Say: ‘Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited to you. [He commands] that you not associate anything with Him, and to parents, good treatment…’” [Quran 6:151]

Mothers

Although Islam recognizes both parents, mothers are given particular gratitude and respect. This can be appreciated if we reflect upon the hardships and suffering that mothers experience in their lives. In this regard, there is a Prophetic Tradition: It was narrated by Abu Hurayrah(R.A.) (one of the companions) that a man came to the Prophet(S.A.W.) and asked him:

“Who is most deserving of my close companionship?’ He replied: “Your mother; your mother; your mother; then your father; then the next closest to you in kinship; then the one next closest.”

Islam has endorsed respect for parents by their children, even if the parents are non-Muslims. If parents strive to convert their children to non-Islamic beliefs, the children should not obey them, but must still maintain goodness towards them. In this regard, Allah says what means:

“And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is two years. Be grateful to Me and your parents; to Me is the [final] destination. But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do.” [Quran 31:14-15]

More Respect

Islam teaches that of the most beloved deeds to Allah, having respect for one’s parents is second only to that of prayer and is greater than that of Jihad (fighting in His cause). In this respect, Abu ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood may Allah be pleased with him narrated the following:

“I asked the Prophet(S.A.W.): ‘Which deed is the most beloved to Allah?’ He replied: “Prayers performed on time.” I then asked: ‘Which one is next?’ He replied: “Goodness to parents.” I then asked: ‘Which is next?’ He replied: “Jihad in the path of Allah.””

In Islam, respect for parents is so great that the child and his wealth are considered to be the property of the parents: `Aa’ishah(R.A.) narrated that a man came to the Prophet(S.A.W.) in order to resolve a dispute that he had with his father regarding a loan he had given him. The Prophet said to the man:

“You and your wealth are to (i.e., the property of) your father.”

Hence Islam encourages an individual to be kind and respectful to his or her parents regardless of their faith. On the contrary to modern day “mothers day” Islam demands that children should respect their parents at all time unless otherwise mention.